8 أفضل ملاحق لكمال الاجسام

focused male bodybuilder lifting a heavy dumbbell in the gym

You have been hitting the gym, lifting heavy. You are determined to see some major gains. You want to look awesome on your beach vaca, and hit that big PR you’ve been aiming for.

But, although you’re pretty happy with your gains thus far . . . you want more!

وتريدها بسرعة ، أليس كذلك؟

You already dialed in your nutrition with tons of added calories and various protein types, but now you’re after those essential supplements to take your bodybuilding efforts to the next level. The type of gains you can’t wish for, the ones that only come through hard work!

Santa Illustration Lifting Gym Dumbbells Happily

Credit: Shasvat Jain

Look no further, ahead are a few of my favorite supplement types for building muscle quickly and helping manage some of the aches and pains that come with lifting heavy.

8 ملاحق مفيدة ل Bodybuilders

بروتين مصل اللبن

مسحوق بروتين مصل اللبن

For muscle building and improving body composition, whey consistently out performs any other type of protein powder available. Whey is one of the two proteins found in milk (the other is casein). When cheese is made, whey is the liquid left over.

Whey is a complete protein containing all nine essential amino acids needed for health and muscle building. It is also easily and quickly absorbed, ensuring all the protein you take in is being used by your body as needed (1).

How Whey Helps Bodybuilders

لكن ، بروتين مصل اللبن لا يحتوي فقط على أحماض أمينية عشوائية ، فهو مرتفع في حمض أميني معين يسمى الليوسين الذي يشجع نمو العضلات بنشاط عن طريق تحفيز إفراز هورمونات بناء العضلات (2).

A comprehensive literature review of all the research on body composition and whey protein found that the addition of whey protein helps with overall weight loss, fat loss, and promotes an increase in lean body mass.

The effects were particularly significant when whey protein was combined with resistance exercise (3). خلاصة القول هي إضافة مصل الحليب إلى يومك يمكن أن تساعدك على بناء العضلات والحصول على الهزيل.

Different Kinds of Whey

There are a few kinds of whey protein found on the market. The difference between them has to do with how they have been processed. The more processed they are, the more expensive they are.

The three main types are:

  • concentrate,
  • isolate,
  • and hydrolysate.

Whey concentrate is the least processed and is about 80% protein. The other 20% is fat and lactose, or milk sugar. This makes it taste better than the other two and is the cheapest. If you are just starting out with protein powders or are sensitive to taste, this may be a good option. But, it would not be ideal for those with lactose intolerance.

Whey isolate has less lactose and fat when compared to concentrate and is slightly more processed. It is the “middle” choice between concentrate and hydrolysate. It might not be appropriate for those very sensitive to lactose.

Whey hydrolysate is the most beneficial for gaining muscle because it is the best absorbed and may also increase insulin levels when consumed, leading to muscle building. But, hydrolysate will be more expensive than the other two choices and may need a little “doctoring up” to taste good (4).

كيفية اتخاذ بروتين مصل الحليب

No matter which type you choose, whey is most effective when consumed either before or after a workout when the body is actively building new muscle. Look for a supplement that contains around 20-30 grams of whey protein per serving for a post-workout drink.

Just to note, if you are trying to lose body fat, drinking a huge amount of whey protein isn’t going to miraculously help you drop those extra pounds. You still need to exercise and eat a balanced diet. Calories are still calories, even if it comes from protein, so be aware of how many you are consuming.

التصنيف الرسمي

كافيين

استخراج الكافيين

Caffeine has been extensively studied for its ability to boost performance for endurance training and high-intensity exercises. It is very beneficial for aerobic exercise, but since bodybuilding is anaerobic, the research results for caffeine are mixed, as we’ll see below.

How Caffeine Helps Bodybuilders

A 2009 study evaluated caffeine use in collegiate football players during an anaerobic weight lifting activity. The athletes took a caffeine dose of 5 mg/kg of body weight or a placebo and completed three anaerobic exercises 60 minutes later. Perceived exertion, heart rate, and blood pressure were measured.

Fifty nine percent of the participants who received caffeine saw improved performance in a bench press and a 40-yard dash. There was no difference in perceived exertion, heart rate, or blood pressure (5).

Another study took a look at the impact of caffeine on a one-rep max exercise. Twenty two participants took 6 mg/kg of caffeine or a placebo one hour before exercise. They then completed a one repetition max bench and leg press.

There was no effect of caffeine on muscle strength or endurance when compared to the placebo. The perceived effort was also the same for both groups. Based on this study, researchers concluded that caffeine does not increase strength or endurance for weight training (6).

Meanwhile, another study showed the exact opposite result with weight training and caffeine. The caffeine group was stronger than the placebo group (7).

كيفية اتخاذ الكافيين

The results for the impact of caffeine on bodybuilding and strength gains remain mixed. This is probably a case of individual variation and how each person reacts to caffeine.

Some people are able to drink a cup of coffee before bed with no side effects, whereas others feel jittery with only a cup or less. So, whether you choose to use caffeine to boost your endurance or not, depends on how well you tolerate it and if you see a significant difference in your workouts.

If you want to try caffeine, the recommended dose is 150-300 mg about 30-60 minutes before your workout. That is the equivalent of 2-3 cups of coffee. Start at the lower end to see how you react. If you get jittery, anxious, or your heart starts racing then back off. With caffeine, more is not better.

ⓘ Too much caffeine can raise your heart rate and decrease your performance.

التصنيف الرسمي

الكرياتين مونوهيدراتي

Creatine is a popular muscle building supplement with a ton of research (over 500 studies) to back up its use and safety. It can increase muscle and strength gain from a workout by about 5-15%.

It works by boosting the availability of creatine and phosophocreatine in the muscles to help maintain energy during weight training.

Research has found that taking 20 grams of creatine for only 5 days can increase creatine stores in the muscles by up to 30% and phosphocreatine by up to 40%. This means it acts quickly (8). كما أنه يساعد على تسريع الانتعاش بعد التمرين (9).

كيف تأخذ الكرياتين مونوهيدراتي

The recommended dose for creatine is 20 grams per day for the first week, then 5 grams thereafter for maintenance. Be aware that when you first start to take creatine, you may see the number on the scale go up.

This is because in order for creatine to enter the cells, it needs to hold on to water. The increased water in the cells may cause a 2-4 pound weight gain.

التصنيف الرسمي

أحماض أمينية من سلسلة الفروع

أحماض أمينية are the building blocks of protein and therefore the building blocks of muscle. There are three specific amino acids, referred to as the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) that are particularly beneficial for weight lifting and muscle building.

These three specific BCAAs to help with bodybuilding are:

  • leucine,
  • isoleucine,
  • and valine.

When taken during or after a workout they have been shown to:

  • increase muscle synthesis,
  • reduce soreness,
  • and improve endurance (10).

A 2010 study examined the impact of BCAA supplementation on muscle soreness after a squat workout in 12 female participants. The participants drank 100 mg/kg of body weight of BCAA or a dextrin solution before completing seven sets of 20 squats each.

The muscle soreness peaked on days two and three, but the level of soreness was significantly less in the BCAA group. The BCAA group also maintained leg strength, when compared to the placebo group. Researchers concluded that BCAA may help mitigate some muscle damage and soreness that occurs after strength training exercises (11).

كيفية اتخاذ BCAAs

The ideal dose for BCAAs is 3-6 grams before or during exercise. The ratio of BCAAs in a supplement matters also. It should be about two parts leucine to one part isoleucine and valine.

One thing to note, if you don’t want to take multiple supplements, is that whey protein is high in leucine and also contains the other BCAAs. For most people, using a whey protein supplement and eating a high protein diet, provides the BCAAs needed for muscle building.

التصنيف الرسمي

التعزيز أكسيد النيتريك

Sources Of Nitric Oxide

Nitric Oxide (NO) is a substance produced by almost every cell in the body that acts as a vasodilator, relaxing the blood vessels. This helps it increase blood flow to various tissues and muscles.

There are many different types of supplements and foods that help boost the production of NO and are used to treat a variety of health conditions, but that can also help with strength development goals.

How Nitric Oxide Helps Bodybuilders

A popular NO-boosting supplement is called L-citrulline or citrulline malate. It has been shown to decrease muscle soreness by boosting NO production. A 2010 study gave participants 8 grams of citrulline malate or a placebo before doing a bench press.

Those who received the citrulline were able to perform almost 53% more repetitions when compared to a placebo group. They also reported 40% less muscle soreness 24-48 hours after the session (12).

كيف تأخذ معززات أكسيد النيتريك

There are many supplements and foods that help boost NO. As mentioned above, citrulline is a popular supplement that has been shown to improve output during workouts and reduce muscle soreness.

Citrulline comes in two forms: L-citrulline and citrulline malate.

Citrulline malate is combined with malic acid and is the type most commonly used in research. The dose for L-citrulline, since it is more concentrated, is 5 mg and for citrulline malate is about 8 mg.

There are also several foods which are able to boost NO, particularly those that contain nitrate and flavonoids. Nitrate is found in beets, pomegranate, and dark green leafy vegetables. The nitrate in these foods is able to be converted to NO.

Flavonoids, an المضادة للأكسدة found in fruits and veggies, can also boost NO. For the biggest benefit and NO boost, consider adding beet or pomegranate extract, powder, or juice to your pre-workout routine.

التصنيف الرسمي

أوميغا-شنوم الدهون

مصدر أوميغا 3

Omeag-3 fats are essential fats for human nutrition, meaning they must come from the diet. The three omega-3s, EPA, DHA, and ALA have been extensively researched for their anti-inflammatory and disease-preventing benefits.

EPA and DHA are found primarily in fish. ALA is the plant-based form of omega-3s and is found flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts. The body has to convert ALA into the active omega-3s, so although it is beneficial, the poor conversion rate makes it less effective.

How Omega-3’s Help Bodybuilders

The biggest benefit of omega-3s for body builders has to do with exercise recovery and reducing soreness after workouts. The muscle soreness you feel after a tough workout is inflammation and omega-3s are powerful anti-inflammatories.

قيمت دراسة 2009 استخدام أوميغا 3s على الألم المتصور بعد التمرين. الأشخاص الذين تلقوا 1.8 غرامًا يوميًا من أوميغا-3s أو دواء وهمي لمدة يومين بعد إكمال تمرينات الساق. أفاد الأشخاص الذين تلقوا أوميغا-3s أن الألم المدرك أقل بشكل ملحوظ ونطاق الحركة المحسن في 48 ساعة بعد التمرين (13).

التصنيف الرسمي

كيفية اتخاذ Omega-3s

هناك العديد من الخيارات المختلفة في السوق لمكملات أوميغا 3. أفضل تلك هي التي تحتوي على DHA و EPA ، لأن هذه هي الأشكال النشطة للدهون. إذا لم تكن نباتيًا أو نباتيًا ، يمكنك تناول مكمل زيت السمك لتلبية احتياجات أوميغا - 3. تأكد من اختيار ملحق جودة لا يحتوي على الزئبق.

يعتبر زيت الكريل خيارًا آخر حيث يميل إلى أن يكون أقل تلوثًا ويقاوم الأكسدة أفضل من زيوت الأسماك الأخرى. يتكون زيت الطحالب من الطحالب التي تأكلها الأسماك ، لذلك هو المصدر الأصلي لهيئة الصحة بدبي ووكالة حماية البيئة. كما يعتبر نباتية أو نباتية وأقل تلوثًا بالسموم ، مما يجعلها خيارًا رائعًا.

بغض النظر عن الذي تختاره ، فإن الجرعة الموصى بها هي 3-6 جرام في اليوم الواحد من أوميغا-3s إذا كنت تدرب بنشاط لمنع الالتهابات وتشجيع التعافي بشكل أسرع.

التصنيف الرسمي

بيتا ألانين

مصادر بيتا الانين

Beta-alanine is an amino acid, although it is a non-essential one. This means that the body can make the beta-alanine it needs from other amino acids.

How Beta-Alanine Helps Bodybuilders

Well, beta-alanine as the ability to help control lactic acid and other acidic compounds that are formed during workouts. Acid build up in the muscles is what leads to fatigue and muscle failure.

يخفض بيتا ألانين حمض العضلة عن طريق زيادة مستويات مركب يسمى كارنوزين ، المسؤول عن تعديل تراكم الحمض. المكملات مع 2-6 mg من بيتا ألانين يمكن أن تزيد من تركيزات الكاروسين بنسبة 20-80٪ (14). أخذ مكمل carnosine وحده ، من المستغرب لا يزيد من carnosine في العضلات.

يمكن أن يساعد تناول مكمل بيتا ألانين أيضًا في تأخير التعب أثناء التمارين الرياضية. قيمت دراسة 2009 لاعبي كرة القدم المكملات مع بيتا ألانين قبل وأثناء التدريب. أولئك الذين تلقوا الملحق كان لديهم كميات تدريبية عالية وأقل إجهاد بالمقارنة مع أولئك الذين تلقوا علاجا وهميا (15).

How to Take Beta-Alanine

The recommended dose for beta-alanine is 4-6 grams per day. It needs to be taken consistently to raise muscle carnosine, so just taking a supplement occasionally won’t help. Many pre-workout formulations contain beta-alanine, but unless you are going to take it every day, it is probably not worth it.

التصنيف الرسمي

الجلوتامين

Sources Of L Glutamine

Glutamine is another non-essential amino acid. It is the most common amino acid in the muscles, making up about 61% of muscle tissue. During intense training, glutamine becomes depleted, which is why it is so important to eat protein after a workout.

How Glutamine Helps Bodybuilders

You don’t want to lose this important amino acid and lose muscle. Glutamine is particularly important in the “cutting” phase of training as it can help you lose body fat while protecting lean muscle. It can also boost your immune system, preventing illness (16).

الجلوتامين يساعد أيضا مع الانتعاش. إنه قادر على إزالة مستويات عالية من الأمونيا من الجسم الذي يتم إنشاؤه أثناء التمرين. هذا يمكن أن يعني أن الجسم سوف يتعافى بشكل أسرع ويعزز إزالة السموم بعد جلسة كمال الاجسام صعبة (17).

كيفية اتخاذ الجلوتامين

The recommended dose of glutamine is 10 grams post-workout to prevent soreness, promote glutamine repletion, and protect muscles.

You will want to continue to take glutamine for 5 days post workout (or eat glutamine-rich foods) as it takes that long to recover from a tough session. Glutamine is also found in bone broth and gelatin, so you may consider adding those to your diet as well.

التصنيف الرسمي

Parting Words

Illustration Of Female Bodybuilder Doing Pullups In The Gym

Credit: V. Kirilov & A. Kuvaldin

هناك العديد من خيارات الملحق هناك مدعيا لمساعدتك في الحصول على العضلات وتحسين وقت الشفاء ، ولكن من الأفضل دائما المضي قدما بحذر. نعم ، يمكن لبعض المكملات الغذائية أن تكون جزءًا مفيدًا من برنامج اكتساب العضلات ، لكنك تبدأ دائمًا ببطء عند تقديمها لك يوميًا.

هناك القليل من الأبحاث حول كيفية تفاعل بعض هذه المكملات مع بعضها البعض. لذا ، داس بحذر ، واختار واحدًا أو اثنين لمحاولة رؤية كيف يتفاعل جسمك. إذا كنت قلقًا ، فاطلب من طبيبك أو اختصاصي التغذية ما هو الأفضل لك.

مع جهد مخصص في صالة الألعاب الرياضية ، واتباع نظام غذائي في الاتصال ، وعدد قليل من المكملات مصممة ، سترى بالتأكيد تلك المكاسب التي تعمل بجد من أجلها.

تابع القراءة: 9 Best Supplements for Powerlifting & Strongman

are أي منتجات تكميلية محددة وعلامات تجارية واردة في هذا الموقع لا تدعمها آنا بالضرورة.

مخزون الصور from Tankist276 / ALL best fitness is HERE / Shutterstock

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